change url without redirecting using javascript [duplicate]

By : kb858
Source: Stackoverflow.com
Question!

I would like to know how to change the url without redirecting like on this website http://dekho.com.pk/ads-in-lahore when we click on tabs the url changes but the page dosent reload completely. There are other questions on stackoverflow indicating that it is not possible but i would like to know how the above mentioned website have implemented it. Thanks

By : kb858


Answers
use pushState:

window.history.pushState("", "", '/newpage');


If you want to know exactly what they using, it's Backbone.js (see lines 4574 and 4981). It's all mixed up in there with the jQuery source, but these are the relevant lines of the annotated Backbone.Router source documentation page:

The support checks:

  this._wantsPushState = !!this.options.pushState;
  this._hasPushState = !!(this.options.pushState && window.history && window.history.pushState);

The route function:

route: function(route, name, callback) {
    Backbone.history || (Backbone.history = new History);

    if (!_.isRegExp(route)) route = this._routeToRegExp(route);

    if (!callback) callback = this[name];

    Backbone.history.route(route, _.bind(function(fragment) {
        var args = this._extractParameters(route, fragment);

        callback && callback.apply(this, args);

        this.trigger.apply(this, ['route:' + name].concat(args));

        Backbone.history.trigger('route', this, name, args);
    }, this));

    return this;
},

Choosing between hash and push states:

// Depending on whether we're using pushState or hashes, and whether
// 'onhashchange' is supported, determine how we check the URL state.
if (this._hasPushState) {
    Backbone.$(window).bind('popstate', this.checkUrl);
} else if (this._wantsHashChange && ('onhashchange' in window) && !oldIE) {
    Backbone.$(window).bind('hashchange', this.checkUrl);
} else if (this._wantsHashChange) {
    this._checkUrlInterval = setInterval(this.checkUrl, this.interval);
}‚Äč

More on what they're up to:

// If we've started off with a route from a `pushState`-enabled browser,
// but we're currently in a browser that doesn't support it...
if (this._wantsHashChange && this._wantsPushState && !this._hasPushState && !atRoot) {
    this.fragment = this.getFragment(null, true);
    this.location.replace(this.root + this.location.search + '#' + this.fragment);

    // Return immediately as browser will do redirect to new url
    return true;

    // Or if we've started out with a hash-based route, but we're currently
    // in a browser where it could be `pushState`-based instead...
} else if (this._wantsPushState && this._hasPushState && atRoot && loc.hash) {
    this.fragment = this.getHash().replace(routeStripper, '');
    this.history.replaceState({}, document.title, this.root + this.fragment);
}

if (!this.options.silent) return this.loadUrl();

And the coup 'd grace:

// If pushState is available, we use it to set the fragment as a real URL.
if (this._hasPushState) {
     this.history[options.replace ? 'replaceState' : 'pushState']({}, document.title, url);
}

You should read the annotated Backbone.js link I provided at the top. Very informative.



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