Python nested dictionary lookup with default values

By : litd
Source: Stackoverflow.com
Question!
>>> d2
{'egg': 3, 'ham': {'grill': 4, 'fry': 6, 'bake': 5}, 'spam': 2}
>>> d2.get('spamx',99)
99
>>> d2.get('ham')['fry']
6

I want to get value of fry inside of ham, if not, get value, 99 or 88 as the 2nd example. But how?

By : litd


Answers

Here's a solution for dealing with nested dictionaries:

def get(root, *keys):
    """
    Returns root[k_1][k_2]...[k_n] if all k_1, ..., k_n are valid keys/indices. 
    Returns None otherwise
    """
    if not keys:
        return root
    if keys[0] not in root:
        return None
    if keys[0] in root:
        return get(root[keys[0]], *keys[1:])

Usage:

>>> d = {'a': 1, 'b': {'c': 3}}
>>> get(d, 'b', 'c')
3
>>> get(d. 'key that's not in d')
None
>>> get(d)
{'a': 1, 'b': {'c': 3}}
By : Mike


If you need to do this a lot, you can write a helper function

def get_nested(d, list_of_keys, default):
    for k in list_of_keys:
        if k not in d: 
            return default
        d=d[k]
    return d

print get_nested(d2,['ham','spam'],99)
print get_nested(d2,['ham','grill'],99)


For the default values of get to work correctly the first default needs to be a dictionary, so that you can chain the .get calls correctly if the first fails.

d.get('ham',{}).get('fry',88)

you could also use a try, except block

def get_ham_fry()
  try:
    return d['ham']['fry']
  except AttributeError,e:
    return 88


This video can help you solving your question :)
By: admin