Getting raw SQL query string from PDO prepared statements

By : Wilco
Source: Stackoverflow.com
Question!

Is there a way to get the raw SQL string executed when calling PDOStatement::execute() on a prepared statement? For debugging purposes this would be extremely useful.

By : Wilco


Answers

I need to log full query string after bind param so this is a piece in my code. Hope, it is useful for everyone hat has the same issue.

/**
 * 
 * @param string $str
 * @return string
 */
public function quote($str) {
    if (!is_array($str)) {
        return $this->pdo->quote($str);
    } else {
        $str = implode(',', array_map(function($v) {
                    return $this->quote($v);
                }, $str));

        if (empty($str)) {
            return 'NULL';
        }

        return $str;
    }
}

/**
 * 
 * @param string $query
 * @param array $params
 * @return string
 * @throws Exception
 */
public function interpolateQuery($query, $params) {
    $ps = preg_split("/'/is", $query);
    $pieces = [];
    $prev = null;
    foreach ($ps as $p) {
        $lastChar = substr($p, strlen($p) - 1);

        if ($lastChar != "\\") {
            if ($prev === null) {
                $pieces[] = $p;
            } else {
                $pieces[] = $prev . "'" . $p;
                $prev = null;
            }
        } else {
            $prev .= ($prev === null ? '' : "'") . $p;
        }
    }

    $arr = [];
    $indexQuestionMark = -1;
    $matches = [];

    for ($i = 0; $i < count($pieces); $i++) {
        if ($i % 2 !== 0) {
            $arr[] = "'" . $pieces[$i] . "'";
        } else {
            $st = '';
            $s = $pieces[$i];
            while (!empty($s)) {
                if (preg_match("/(\?|:[A-Z0-9_\-]+)/is", $s, $matches, PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE)) {
                    $index = $matches[0][1];
                    $st .= substr($s, 0, $index);
                    $key = $matches[0][0];
                    $s = substr($s, $index + strlen($key));

                    if ($key == '?') {
                        $indexQuestionMark++;
                        if (array_key_exists($indexQuestionMark, $params)) {
                            $st .= $this->quote($params[$indexQuestionMark]);
                        } else {
                            throw new Exception('Wrong params in query at ' . $index);
                        }
                    } else {
                        if (array_key_exists($key, $params)) {
                            $st .= $this->quote($params[$key]);
                        } else {
                            throw new Exception('Wrong params in query with key ' . $key);
                        }
                    }
                } else {
                    $st .= $s;
                    $s = null;
                }
            }
            $arr[] = $st;
        }
    }

    return implode('', $arr);
}


preg_replace didn't work for me and when binding_ was over 9, binding_1 and binding_10 was replaced with str_replace (leaving the 0 behind), so I made the replacements backwards:

public function interpolateQuery($query, $params) {
$keys = array();
    $length = count($params)-1;
    for ($i = $length; $i >=0; $i--) {
            $query  = str_replace(':binding_'.(string)$i, '\''.$params[$i]['val'].'\'', $query);
           }
        // $query  = str_replace('SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS', '', $query, $count);
        return $query;

}

Hope someone finds it useful.

By : Markos F


Mike's answer is working good until you are using the "re-use" bind value.
For example:

SELECT * FROM `an_modules` AS `m` LEFT JOIN `an_module_sites` AS `ms` ON m.module_id = ms.module_id WHERE 1 AND `module_enable` = :module_enable AND `site_id` = :site_id AND (`module_system_name` LIKE :search OR `module_version` LIKE :search)

The Mike's answer can only replace first :search but not the second.
So, I rewrite his answer to work with multiple parameters that can re-used properly.

public function interpolateQuery($query, $params) {
    $keys = array();
    $values = $params;
    $values_limit = [];

    $words_repeated = array_count_values(str_word_count($query, 1, ':_'));

    # build a regular expression for each parameter
    foreach ($params as $key => $value) {
        if (is_string($key)) {
            $keys[] = '/:'.$key.'/';
            $values_limit[$key] = (isset($words_repeated[':'.$key]) ? intval($words_repeated[':'.$key]) : 1);
        } else {
            $keys[] = '/[?]/';
            $values_limit = [];
        }

        if (is_string($value))
            $values[$key] = "'" . $value . "'";

        if (is_array($value))
            $values[$key] = "'" . implode("','", $value) . "'";

        if (is_null($value))
            $values[$key] = 'NULL';
    }

    if (is_array($values)) {
        foreach ($values as $key => $val) {
            if (isset($values_limit[$key])) {
                $query = preg_replace(['/:'.$key.'/'], [$val], $query, $values_limit[$key], $count);
            } else {
                $query = preg_replace(['/:'.$key.'/'], [$val], $query, 1, $count);
            }
        }
        unset($key, $val);
    } else {
        $query = preg_replace($keys, $values, $query, 1, $count);
    }
    unset($keys, $values, $values_limit, $words_repeated);

    return $query;
}
By : vee


This video can help you solving your question :)
By: admin