How do I setup Public-Key Authentication for SSH?
How do I setup Public-Key Authentication? [closed]
If you have SSH installed, you should be able to run..
Then go through the steps, you'll have two files,
id_rsa.pub (the first is your private key, the second is your public key - the one you copy to remote machines)
Then, connect to the remote machine you want to login to, to the file
~/.ssh/authorized_keys add the contents of your that
chmod 600 all the
id_rsa* files (both locally and remote), so no other users can read them:
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/id_rsa*
Similarly, ensure the remote
~/.ssh/authorized_keys file is
chmod 600 also:
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
Then, when you do
ssh remote.machine, it should ask you for the key's password, not the remote machine.
To make it nicer to use, you can use
ssh-agent to hold the decrypted keys in memory - this means you don't have to type your keypair's password every single time. To launch the agent, you run (including the back-tick quotes, which eval the output of the
On some distros, ssh-agent is started automatically. If you run
echo $SSH_AUTH_SOCK and it shows a path (probably in /tmp/) it's already setup, so you can skip the previous command.
Then to add your key, you do
and enter your passphrase. It's stored until you remove it (using the
ssh-add -D command, which removes all keys from the agent)