Bulk Insert a File with a Text Field with Carriage Return (Enters)

Question!

I´m having trouble with bulk insert a file that contains a field in data type text, and it holds enters and the delimiter for the fields are pipes "|" and the row terminator is "|\n"

I get an error of truncation for the fields next to the text field. I think that the bulk insert thinks that the enters in the second field are the next rows.

DECLARE @sql varchar(2000)
PRINT 'xyz table'
SET @sql = 
'BULK INSERT xyz 
   FROM ''\\' + @@servername + '\Import\xyz.txt''
   WITH 
      (
                DATAFILETYPE   = ''char'',
                FIELDTERMINATOR         = ''|'',
                ROWTERMINATOR           = ''|\n'',
                TABLOCK,
                ROWS_PER_BATCH         = 2000,
                MAXERRORS      = 1000

                )
'
PRINT @sql
EXECUTE (@sql)
PRINT ''
GO

This is the data example

467507**|**08-20-09\
[8:55:03 AM] *** [email protected] is Not Available [Ext. away]\(CR)
[9:00:57 AM] *** [email protected] is Online [Online]\(CR)
[9:01:00 AM] <jeffp> Howdy.  Time slip update game!  Update TS#467493 & 467507 with a (CR)comment and see if you win! [9:01:30 AM] *** [email protected] is Away [Away]\
\(CR)
08-18-09\(CR)
[10:13:15 AM] *** [email protected] is Online [Online]\(CR)
[10:13:59 AM] <jeffp> Howdy; welcome back from lunch..  Just pinging you for an update in TS#467493 & 467507.  Since 467493 is pri9, want a stock e-mail to go out to the customer to get them moving?\(CR)
[10:14:47 AM] <[email protected]> thats ok i got it\(CR)
[10:14:53 AM] <jeffp> Aiight.**|**2009-08-18 00:00:00**|**2009-08-20 00:00:00**|**JDP**|**JDP**|**

The table schema is:

create table xyz
  (
    xyz_id VARCHAR(200), --INT TO VARCHAR
    notes text,
    create_date varchar(32), --DATETIME
    create_user varchar(12),
    modify_date varchar(32), --DATETIME
    modify_user varchar(12)
  )

As you can see (well, not can see) there are enters (marked with CR) and the bulk insert is confusing them with a new row.

Any help will be appreciated.

Thanks



Answers

The data is inconsistent. You have some rows ending \(cr) with one field, other (cr) ending with | column separators

Either that or you have inconsistent column separators, some \(cr), some |. If so, then you'll need a format file to deal with each separate "column".

By : gbn


EDIT: you don't need a format file:

IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#rawdata') IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE #rawdata
create table #rawdata (
  xyz_id VARCHAR(200)
, notes text
, create_date varchar(32)
, modify_date varchar(32)
, create_user varchar(12)
, modify_user varchar(12)
)

BULK INSERT #rawdata 
FROM 'C:\temp\file.txt'
WITH (
    FIELDTERMINATOR = '**|**'
  , ROWTERMINATOR = '**|**\n'
  , TABLOCK
  )

SELECT * FROM #rawdata

You may need to play with **|**\n (LF) vs **|**\r\n (CRLF) vs **|**\r (CR), depending on whether the file is Unix, DOS or MAC-like.

/EDIT

It can't be done without a format file. So, create a format file:

8.0
7
1 SQLCHAR 0 0 "**|**" 1 xyz_id        ""
2 SQLCHAR 0 0 "**|**" 2 notes         ""
3 SQLCHAR 0 0 "**|**" 3 create_date   ""
4 SQLCHAR 0 0 "**|**" 4 modify_date   ""
5 SQLCHAR 0 0 "**|**" 5 create_user   ""
6 SQLCHAR 0 0 "**|**" 6 modify_user   ""
7 SQLCHAR 0 0 "\n"    0 omitted       ""

Then:

IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#rawdata') IS NOT NULL DROP TABLE #rawdata
create table #rawdata (
  xyz_id VARCHAR(200)
, notes text
, create_date varchar(32)
, modify_date varchar(32)
, create_user varchar(12)
, modify_user varchar(12)
)

BULK INSERT #rawdata 
FROM '\\folder\file.txt'
WITH (
    FORMATFILE = '\\folder\file.fmt'
  , TABLOCK
  )

Or, in SQL 2005 :

SELECT * FROM OPENROWSET(
    BULK '\\folder\file.txt'
  , FORMATFILE = '\\folder\file.fmt'
  ) a


This video can help you solving your question :)
By: admin