How to get table-like query result on SQL Server 2005/8?

Question!

I have 3 tables:

users (id, name)

currency (id, name)

accounts (id, user_id, currency_id, amount)

And I want to read the data from accounts and present it in table-like view:

owner  currency1 currency2 currency3
1      0         0         0
2     10        20        30
3      0         5        10

Where owner is ID of accounts.owner, currency1,2,3 - (SELECT id FROM currency WHERE name = '1',etc)

I can get such result only for one specific ID:

SELECT
  SELECT amount FROM accounts WHERE currency = (SELECT id FROM currency WHERE name = 'currency1') AND owner = @user) AS [currency1],
  SELECT amount FROM accounts WHERE currency = (SELECT id FROM currency WHERE name = 'currency2') AND owner = @user) AS [currency2],
  SELECT amount FROM accounts WHERE currency = (SELECT id FROM currency WHERE name = 'currency2') AND owner = @user) AS [currency2]

Is it possible to get the same result for every object in users table? Without using Reporing Service, etc.



Answers

Sounds like you want a Pivot table. It will be difficult to do if you have a varying number of rows in currency, but could still be done by using dynamiclly written sql.

Here's a resource from MSDN that explains how to use the pivot table: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms177410.aspx

SELECT u.name, [1] AS Currency1, [2] AS Currency2, [3] AS Currency3
FROM 
(SELECT u.Name AS UserName, c.Currency_ID, a.Amount
FROM Accounts AS a WITH(NOLOCK)
JOIN Users u WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.user_id = u.user_id
) p
PIVOT
(
SUM (p.Amount)
FOR p.Currency_id IN
( [1], [2], [3] )
) AS pvt
ORDER BY pvt.UserName
By : Relster


Use a pivot table and dynamic SQL to retrieve the columns

    DECLARE @columns VARCHAR(2000)
    SELECT @columns = STUFF(( SELECT DISTINCT TOP 100 PERCENT
    '],['   c.name
    FROM currency AS c
    ORDER BY '],['   c.name
    FOR XML PATH('')
    ), 1, 2, '')   ']'

    DECLARE @query NVARCHAR(4000)
    SET @query = N'SELECT UserName, '   @columns  
    'FROM 
    (SELECT u.Name AS UserName, c.name AS CurrencyName, a.Amount
    FROM Accounts AS a WITH(NOLOCK)
    JOIN Users u WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.user_id = u.user_id
    JOIN Currency c WITH(NOLOCK) ON a.currency_id = c.currency_id
    ) p
    PIVOT
    (
    SUM (p.Amount)
    FOR p.CurrencyName IN
    ( '  @columns  ')
    ) AS pvt
    ORDER BY UserName'

EXECUTE(@query)

This was tested in SQL Server 2005



This video can help you solving your question :)
By: admin